In this article we will go through the introduction to software development techniques but first let’s look at quick overview of some important topics under software development technique. Below are the list of some important topics under software development techniques you are expected to learn;
1. Introduction to software development techniques
- Software development life cycle
- Software analysis and design
- Top-down design
- Programming design
- Using pseudo code
- Using flowchart
- Flowchart ANSI symbols and usage
- Extensive examples and exercises using pseudo code/flowchart to solve practical problems in engineering.
- Debugging and documentation techniques.
- Programming using a structural language such as (C):
- Symbols, keywords, identifiers, data types, operators, various statements, operator precedence, type conversion, conditional and control structures, function, recursive functions.
- One dimensional and multi-dimensional arrays, passing elements or whole array to a function.
- Simple sorting and searching on arrays
- Dynamic memory allocation.
So far, you must have gone through the list of some important topics under software development techniques and before we go into the definition of software development techniques we must know some important terms that will help us understand it better. These terms include data, program, programming, programmer, software and software development.
Data (or datum – a single unit of data) is any sequence of one or more symbols given meaning by specific act(s) of interpretation .Digital data is data that is represented using the binary number system of ones (1) and zeros (0), as opposed to analog representation. It requires interpretation to become information.
A program is a set of data or collection of instructions that control the operation of a computer and performs a specific task when executed by a computer or other machine. Therefore it is a set of instructions that enables a computer to perform a specific task.
Programming is the process of writing a program (code)
Programmer is a person who writes program (code)
Computer software, or simply software, is a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, and the associated documentations. In computer science and software engineering, computer software is all information processed by computer systems, programs and data. Computer software includes computer programs, libraries and related non-executable data, such as online documentation or digital media. Computer hardware and software require each other and neither can be realistically used on its own.
This is the process of conceiving, specifying, designing, programming, documenting, testing, and bug fixing involved in creating and maintaining applications, frameworks, or other software components. Software development is a process of writing and maintaining the source code, but in a broader sense, it includes all that is involved between the conception of the desired software through to the final manifestation of the software, sometimes in a planned and structured process. Therefore, software development may include research, new development, prototyping, modification, reuse, re-engineering, maintenance, or any other activities that result in software products.
By now you must have known some important topics under software development techniques and some important terms. So from what we have learnt above we can now understand that;
Software development techniques are those procedures, methods used in developing, programming and maintaining an application, frameworks and other software components.
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